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Ship Modeling Forum FAQ - Category - A Preparation

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How do you change the scale of plans?
What is a Practicum? *(firstmate)
What is a good beginner's model kit to start with?
What ship modeling books do you recommend?
What is the difference between bread-and-butter, plank-on-bulkhead, and plank-on-frame construction? *(dinny cole)
(1) "bread and butter - B&B" You need two plans of the line drawings, (a) - the sheer plan and (b) - the half breadth plan (see image at bottom of page). The half breadth plan shows the hull in section in equal parts say like as decks. These would be used to give the size of the wood to be shaped. But if you want to construct the full hull this as it says the "half" section you may have seen these used mounted on a board showing the hull design and this is where the sheer plan comes in which gives you the shape of each section i.e. the entry the mid section and the run. After you have cut the pieces of wood then shaped them they are glued and screwed the final peering is done to give a meeting shape. Some image examples (bread and butter):

(2) "plank on bulkhead - POB". As the term suggests these are the sub divisions of of hull which when sealed gives the hull water tight intrepidity in this case they are usually equalized this gives a point to which planks (strakes) may be attached. These "bulkheads" are usually taken from the body plan of the line drawings selecting from the half breadth plan the most suitable sections. When looking at the body plan remember that on body plan one side show the shapes of the hull at right angle to the half breadth but from forward to aft on one side while aft to forward on the other. Some image examples (plank on bulkhead):

(3) "plank on frame - POF". Firstly look at the half breadth and you will see that the plan is divided from mid-ships showing numbers in one direction and letters in the other these correspond to the numbers and letters on the body plan these are called the sections and are used to build the frames of the vessel in a smaller vessel will be lofted out and the plank bent to shape around them the ribs are then placed between them before the station frames being removed are also replaced by ribs. Some image examples (plank on frame):

Ships' Lines:

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What scale should I use? *(Navarone)
What woods are good to use with models? *(1stmatefrank)
What is the difference between beginners, intermediate, or advanced kits? *(wirewolf)
What is a good beginners book I could use to get going with? *(Randy)
Is CA a good glue to use? *(jemontgomery)
What is the difference between Navy Board, Dockyard and Admiralty? (Navarone)

Members can contribute to the FAQ. You can use the submittal form (Click here for submissions to the Ship Modeling FAQ) listed on the Forms for Members, or contact John (wirewolf) with the Category you would like to add to, along with the appropriate Question and related Answer.

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Ship Modeling Forum - A web site forum devoted to the handcrafting of model ships and boats.